# Game of Life

The Game of Life simulates life in a grid world (a two-dimensional block of cells). The cells in the grid have a state of “alive” or “dead”. The game starts with a population of cells placed in a certain pattern on the grid. A simulation is run, and based on some simple rules for life and death, cells continue to live, die off, or reproduce.

## Rules for Life

The rules for life in the grid are:

1. A living cell with less than two live cells next to it will die. This is underpopulation, no social support.
2. A living cell with two or three live cells next to it continues to live. This is a healthy population.
3. A living cell with more than three live cells next to it will die. This is over overpopulation, scarce resources.
4. A dead cell with three live cells next to it turns into a living cell. This is reproduction.

Depending on the pattern of living cells at the start of the game, some population simulations may survive longer than others.

## Game of Life simulation in LEDs

Here’s a program that simulates cell life in the LED matrix. Use button `A` for the next stage of life and button `B` to reset.

``````//https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conway%27s_Game_of_Life
let lifeChart: Image = null

//Use button A for the next iteration of game of life
input.onButtonPressed(Button.A, () => {
gameOfLife();
show();
})

//Use button B for reseting to random initial seed state
input.onButtonPressed(Button.B, () => {
reset();
show();
})

lifeChart = images.createImage(`
. . . . .
. . . . .
. . . . .
. . . . .
. . . . .
`)

//false means dead, true means live.
let state = [false, false, false, false, false,
false, false, false, false, false,
false, false, false, false, false,
false, false, false, false, false,
false, false, false, false, false]

//get & set on any array
function getState(arr: boolean[], x: number, y: number): boolean {
return arr[x * 5 + y];
}
function setState(arr: boolean[], x: number, y: number, value: boolean): void {
arr[x * 5 + y] = value;
}

//Generate random initial state.
function reset() {
for (let x = 0; x < 5; x++) {
for (let y = 0; y < 5; y++) {
setState(state, x, y, Math.randomBoolean());
}
}
}

//Show the lifeChart based on the state
function show() {
for (let x = 0; x < 5; x++) {
for (let y = 0; y < 5; y++) {
lifeChart.setPixel(x, y, getState(state, x, y));
}
}
lifeChart.plotImage(0);
}

//Core function
function gameOfLife() {
let result: boolean[] = [];
let count = 0;

for (let x = 0; x < 5; x++) {
for (let y = 0; y < 5; y++) {
count = 0;

//Count the live cells in the next row
if ((x + 1) < 5) {
if (getState(state, x + 1, y)) {
count++;
}
if ((y + 1 < 5) && getState(state, x + 1, y + 1)) {
count++;
}
if ((y - 1 >= 0) && getState(state, x + 1, y - 1)) {
count++;
}
}

//Count the live cells in the previous row
if ((x - 1) >= 0) {
if (getState(state, x - 1, y)) {
count++;
}
if ((y + 1 < 5) && getState(state, x - 1, y + 1)) {
count++;
}
if ((y - 1 >= 0) && getState(state, x - 1, y - 1)) {
count++;
}
}

//Count the live cells in the current row exlcuding the current position.
if ((y - 1 >= 0) && getState(state, x, y - 1)) {
count++;
}
if ((y + 1 < 5) && getState(state, x, y + 1)) {
count++;
}

// Toggle live / dead cells based on the neighbour count.
// Any live cell with fewer than two live neighbours dies, as if caused by underpopulation.
// Any live cell with two or three live neighbours lives on to the next generation.
// Any dead cell with exactly three live neighbours becomes a live cell, as if by reproduction.
// Any live cell with more than three live neighbours dies, as if by overpopulation.
switch (count) {
case 0: setState(result, x, y, false); break;
case 1: setState(result, x, y, false); break;
case 2: setState(result, x, y, getState(state, x, y)); break;
case 3: setState(result, x, y, true); break;
default: setState(result, x, y, false); break;
}
}
}
//Update the state
state = result;
}
//Initial reset & show
reset();
show();``````