Binary numbers shown on a monitor

This lesson presents the concept of binary digits and base-2 notation. Students will learn how data is stored digitally and how it can be read and accessed.

Lesson objectives

Students will…

  • Understand what bits and bytes are and how they relate to computers and the way information is processed and stored.
  • Learn to count in Base-2 (binary) and translate numbers from Base-10 (decimal) to binary and decimal.
  • Apply the above knowledge and skills to create a unique program that uses binary counting as an integral part of the program.

Lesson structure

  • Introduction: Bits and Bytes
  • Unplugged Activity: Binary Vending Machine
  • micro:bit Activity: Binary Transmogrifier
  • Project: Make a Binary Cash Register
  • Assessment: Rubric
  • Standards: Listed

Lesson plan

  1. Overview: Bits, bytes, binary
  2. Unplugged: Binary vending machine
  3. Activity: Binary transmogrifier
  4. Project: Make binary a cash register


The Flipgrid topic for the Binary lesson:

Targeted CSTA standards